英汉常用建筑词汇 architecture 建筑学 building 修筑,建筑物 house 房子 skyscraper 摩天大楼 block of flats 公寓楼 (美作:apartment block) monument 纪念碑 palace 宫殿 temple 庙宇 basilica 皇宫,教堂 cathedral 大教堂 church 教堂 tower 塔,塔楼 ten-storey office block 十层办公大楼 column 柱 colonnade 柱列 arch 拱 town planning 市政 (美作:city planning) building permission 营建许可证,建筑开工许可证 greenbelt 绿地 elevation 建筑物的三面图 plan 设计图 scale 比例尺 to prefabricate 预制 excavation 挖土,掘土 foundations 基 to lay the foundations 打地基 course of bricks 砌好的砖列 scaffold 脚手架 scaffolding 脚手架 architect 建设师 plan 设计图 town planning 城市规划 (美作:city planning) Doric 多利安式 Ionic 爱奥尼亚式 Corinthian 科林斯式 Composite 混合式 Tuscan order 托斯卡纳式 Gothic 哥特式 flamboyant Gothic 哥特式的火焰状饰 Romanesque 罗马式 barroque 巴洛克式 plateresque 带复杂花叶形装饰的 rococo 洛可可式 building 建筑物 arch 拱 vault 穹顶 ogive 葱形饰;尖形拱顶 facade 侧面 frontispiece 三角墙,山墙 column 柱 pilaster 壁柱,半露柱 pediment 山墙饰,山花 fronton 山墙 建筑英语词汇 A acceptable quality 合格质量 acceptance lot 验收批量 aciera 钢材 admixture 外加剂 against slip coefficient between friction surface of high-strength bolted connection 高强度螺栓摩擦面抗滑移系数 aggregate 骨料 air content 含气量 air-dried timber 气干材 allowable ratio of height to sectional thickness of masonry wall or column 砌体墙、柱容许高厚比 allowable slenderness ratio of steel member 钢构件容许长细比 allowable slenderness ratio of timber compression member 受压木构件容许长细比 allowable stress range of fatigue 疲劳容许应力幅 allowable ultimate tensile strain of reinforcement 钢筋拉应变限值 allowable value of crack width 裂缝宽度容许值 allowable value of deflection of structural member 构件挠度容许值 allowable value of deflection of timber bending member 受弯木构件挠度容许值 allowable value of deformation of steel member 钢构件变形容许值 allowable value of deformation of structural member 构件变形容许值 allowable value of drift angle of earthquake resistant structure 抗震结构层间位移角限值 amplified coefficient of eccentricity 偏心距增大系数 anchorage 锚具 anchorage length of steel bar 钢筋锚固长度 approval analysis during construction stage 施工阶段验算 arch 拱 arch with tie rod 拉捍拱 arch—shaped roof truss 拱形屋架 area of shear plane 剪面面积 area of transformed section 换算截面面积 aseismic design 建筑抗震设计 assembled monolithic concrete structure 装配整体式混凝土结构 automatic welding 自动焊接 auxiliary steel bar 架立钢筋 B backfilling plate 垫板 balanced depth of compression zone 界限受压区高度 balanced eccentricity 界限偏心距 bar splice 钢筋接头 bark pocket 夹皮 batten plate 缀板 beam 次梁 bearing plane of notch 齿承压面(67) bearing plate 支承板(52) bearing stiffener 支承加劲肋(52) bent-up steel bar 弯起钢筋(35) block 砌块(43) block masonry 砌块砌体(44) block masonry structure 砌块砌体结构(41) blow hole 气孔(62) board 板材(65) bolt 螺栓(54) bolted connection (钢结构)螺栓连接(59) bolted joint (木结构)螺栓连接(69) bolted steel structure 螺栓连接钢结构(50) bonded prestressed concrete structure 有粘结预应力混凝土结构(24) bow 顺弯(71) brake member 制动构件(7) breadth of wall between windows 窗间墙宽度(46) brick masonry 砖砌体(44) brick masonry column 砖砌体柱(42) brick masonry structure 砖砌体结构(41) brick masonry wall 砖砌体墙(42) broad—leaved wood 阔叶树材(65) building structural materials 建筑结构材料(17) building structural unit 建筑结构单元( building structure 建筑结构(2 built—up steel column 格构式钢柱(51 bundled tube structure 成束筒结构(3 burn—through 烧穿(62 butt connection 对接(59 butt joint 对接(70) butt weld 对接焊缝(60) C calculating area of compression member 受压构件计算面积(67) calculating overturning point 计算倾覆点(46) calculation of load-carrying capacity of member 构件承载能力计算(10) camber of structural member 结构构件起拱(22) cantilever beam 挑梁(42) cap of reinforced concrete column 钢筋混凝土柱帽(27) carbonation of concrete 混凝土碳化(30) cast-in—situ concrete slab column structure 现浇板柱结构 cast-in—situ concrete structure 现浇混凝土结构(25) cavitation 孔洞(39) cavity wall 空斗墙(42) cement 水泥(27) cement content 水泥含量(38) cement mortar 水泥砂浆(43) characteriseic value of live load on floor or roof 楼面、屋面活荷载标准值(14) characteristi cvalue o fwindload 风荷载标准值(16) characteristic value of concrete compressive strength 混凝土轴心抗压强度标准值(30) characteristic value of concrete tensile strength 混凝土轴心抗拉标准值(30) characteristic value of cubic concrete compressive strength 混凝土立方体抗压强度标准值(29) characteristic value of earthquake action 地震作用标准值(16) characteristic value of horizontal crane load 吊车水平荷载标准值(15) characteristic value of masonry strength 砌体强度标准值(44) characteristic value of permanent action· 永久作用标准值(14) characteristic value of snowload 雪荷载标准值(15) characteristic value of strength of steel 钢材强度标准值(55) characteristic value of strength of steel bar 钢筋强度标准值(31) characteristic value of uniformly distributed live load 均布活标载标准值(14) characteristic value of variable action 可变作用标准值(14) characteristic value of vertical crane load 吊车竖向荷载标准值(15) charaeteristic value of material strength 材料强度标准值(18) checking section of log structural member·, 原木构件计算截面(67) chimney 烟囱(3) circular double—layer suspended cable 圆形双层悬索(6) circular single—layer suspended cable 圆形单层悬索(6) circumferential weld 环形焊缝(60) classfication for earthquake—resistance of buildings· 建筑结构抗震设防类别(9) clear height 净高(21) clincher 扒钉(?0) coefficient of equivalent bending moment of eccentrically loaded steel memher(beam-column) 钢压弯构件等效弯矩系数(58) cold bend inspection of steelbar 冷弯试验(39) cold drawn bar 冷拉钢筋(28) cold drawn wire 冷拉钢丝(29) cold—formed thin—walled sectionsteel 冷弯薄壁型钢(53) cold-formed thin-walled steel structure·‘ 冷弯薄壁型钢结构(50) cold—rolled deformed bar 冷轧带肋钢筋(28) column bracing 柱间支撑(7) combination value of live load on floor or roof 楼面、屋面活荷载组合值(15) compaction 密实度(37) compliance control 合格控制(23) composite brick masonry member 组合砖砌体构件(42) composite floor system 组合楼盖(8) composite floor with profiled steel sheet 压型钢板楼板(8) composite mortar 混合砂浆(43) composite roof truss 组合屋架(8) compostle member 组合构件(8) compound stirrup 复合箍筋(36) compression member with large eccentricity· 大偏心受压构件(32) compression member with small eccentricity· 小偏心受压构件(32) compressive strength at an angle with slope of grain 斜纹承压强度(66) compressive strength perpendicular to grain 横纹承压强度(66) concentration of plastic deformation 塑性变形集中(9) conceptual earthquake—resistant design 建筑抗震概念设计(9) concrete 混凝土(17) concrete column 混凝土柱(26) concrete consistence 混凝土稠度(37) concrete floded—plate structure 混凝土折板结构(26) concrete foundation 混凝土基础(27) concrete mix ratio 混凝土配合比(38) concrete wall 混凝土墙(27) concrete-filled steel tubular member 钢管混凝土构件(8) conifer 针叶树材(65) coniferous wood 针叶树材(65) connecting plate 连接板(52) connection 连接(21) connections of steel structure 钢结构连接(59) connections of timber structure 木结构连接(68) consistency of mortar 砂浆稠度(48) constant cross—section column 等截面柱(7) construction and examination concentrated load 施工和检修集中荷载(15) continuous weld 连续焊缝(60) core area of section 截面核芯面积(33) core tube supported structure 核心筒悬挂结构(3) corrosion of steel bar 钢筋锈蚀(39) coupled wall 连肢墙(12) coupler 连接器(37) coupling wall—beam 连梁(12) coupling wall—column... 墙肢(12) coursing degree of mortar 砂浆分层度(48) cover plate 盖板(52) covered electrode 焊条(54) crack 裂缝(?0) crack resistance 抗裂度(31) crack width 裂缝宽度(31) crane girder 吊车梁(?) crane load 吊车荷载(15) creep of concrete 混凝土徐变(30) crook 横弯(71) cross beam 井字梁(6) cup 翘弯 curved support 弧形支座(51) cylindrical brick arch 砖筒拱(43) D decay 腐朽(71) decay prevention of timber structure 木结构防腐(70) defect in timber 木材缺陷(70) deformation analysis 变形验算(10) degree of gravity vertical for structure or structural member· 结构构件垂直度(40) degree of gravity vertical forwall surface 墙面垂直度(49) degree of plainness for structural memer 构件平整度(40) degree of plainness for wall surface 墙面平整度(49) depth of compression zone 受压区高度(32) depth of neutral axis 中和轴高度(32) depth of notch 齿深(67) design of building structures 建筑结构设计(8) design value of earthquake-resistant strength of materials 材料抗震强度设计值(1 design value of load—carrying capacity of members· 构件承载能力设计值(1 designations 0f steel 钢材牌号(53 designvalue of material strength 材料强度设计值(1 destructive test 破损试验(40 detailing reintorcement 构造配筋(35 detailing requirements 构造要求(22 diamonding 菱形变形(71) diaphragm 横隔板(52 dimensional errors 尺寸偏差(39) distribution factor of snow pressure 屋面积雪分布系数 dogspike 扒钉(70) double component concrete column 双肢柱(26) dowelled joint 销连接(69) down-stayed composite beam 下撑式组合粱(8) ductile frame 延性框架(2) dynamic design 动态设计(8) E earthquake-resistant design 抗震设计(9: earthquake-resistant detailing requirements 抗震构造要求(22) effective area of fillet weld 角焊缝有效面积(57) effective depth of section 截面有效高度(33) effective diameter of bolt or high-strength bolt· 螺栓(或高强度螺栓)有效直径(57) effective height 计算高度(21) effective length 计算长度(21) effective length of fillet weld 角焊缝有效计算长度(48) effective length of nail 钉有效长度(56) effective span 计算跨度(21) effective supporting length at end of beam 梁端有效支承长度(46) effective thickness of fillet weld 角焊缝有效厚度(48) elastic analysis scheme 弹性方案(46) elastic foundation beam 弹性地基梁(11) elastic foundation plate 弹性地基板(12) elastically supported continuous girder· 弹性支座连续梁(u) elasticity modulus of materials 材料弹性模量(18) elongation rate 伸长率(15) embeded parts 预埋件(30) enhanced coefficient of local bearing strength of materials· 局部抗压强度提高系数(14) entrapped air 含气量(38) equilibrium moisture content 平衡含水率(66) equivalent slenderness ratio 换算长细比(57) equivalent uniformly distributed live load· 等效均布活荷载(14) etlectlve cross—section area of high-strength bolt· 高强度螺栓的有效截面积(58) ·、 ettectlve cross—section area of bolt 螺栓有效截面面积(57) euler's critical load 欧拉临界力(56) euler's critical stress 欧拉临界应力(56) excessive penetration 塌陷(62) F fiber concrete 纤维混凝仁(28) filler plate 填板门2) fillet weld 角焊缝(61) final setting time 终凝时间() finger joint 指接(69) fired common brick 烧结普通砖(43) fish eye 白点(62) fish—belly beam 角腹式梁(7) fissure 裂缝(?0) flexible connection 柔性连接(22) flexural rigidity of section 截面弯曲刚度(19) flexural stiffness of member 构件抗弯刚度(20) floor plate 楼板(6) floor system 楼盖(6) four sides(edges)supported plate 四边支承板(12) frame structure 框架结构(2) frame tube structure 单框筒结构(3) frame tube structure 框架—简体结构(2) frame with sidesway 有侧移框架(12) frame without sidesway 无侧移框架(12) frange plate 翼缘板(52) friction coefficient of masonry 砌体摩擦系数(44) full degree of mortar at bed joint 砂浆饱满度(48) function of acceptance 验收函数(23) G gang nail plate joint 钉板连接() glue used for structural timberg 木结构用胶 glued joint 胶合接头 glued laminated timber 层板胶合木(¨) glued laminated timber structure 层板胶合结构‘61) grider 主梁((㈠ grip 夹具 grith weld 环形焊缝(6÷)) groove 坡口 gusset plate 节点板(52) H hanger 吊环 hanging steel bar 吊筋 heartwood 心材 heat tempering bar 热处理钢筋(28) height variation factor of wind pressure 风压高度变化系数(16) heliral weld 螺旋形僻缝 high—strength bolt 高强度螺栓 high—strength bolt with large hexagon bea 大六角头高强度螺栓 high—strength bolted bearing type join 承压型高强度螺栓连接, high—strength bolted connection 高强度螺栓连接 high—strength bolted friction—type joint 摩擦型高强度螺栓连接 high—strength holted steel slsteel structure 高强螺栓连接钢结构 hinge support 铰轴支座(51) hinged connection 铰接(21) hlngeless arch 无铰拱(12) hollow brick 空心砖(43) hollow ratio of masonry unit 块体空心率(46) honeycomb 蜂窝(39) hook 弯钩(37) hoop 箍筋(36) hot—rolled deformed bar 热轧带肋钢筋(28) hot—rolled plain bar 热轧光圆钢筋(28) hot-rolled section steel 热轧型钢(53) hunched beam 加腋梁(?) I impact toughness 冲击韧性(18) impermeability 抗渗性(38) inclined section 斜截面(33) inclined stirrup 斜向箍筋(36) incomplete penetration 未焊透(61) incomplete tusion 未溶合(61) incompletely filled groove 未焊满(61) indented wire 刻痕钢丝(29) influence coefficient for load—bearing capacity of compression member 受压构件承载能力影响系数(46) influence coefficient for spacial action 空间性能影响系数(46) initial control 初步控制(22) insect prevention of timber structure 木结构防虫(?o) inspection for properties of glue used in structural member 结构用胶性能检验(71) inspection for properties of masnory units 块体性能检验(48) inspection for properties of mortar 砂浆性能检验(48) inspection for properties of steelbar 钢筋性能检验(39) integral prefabricated prestressed concrete slab—column structure 整体预应力板柱结构(25) intermediate stiffener 中间加劲肋(53) intermittent weld 断续焊缝(60) J joint of reinforcement 钢筋接头(35) K key joint 键连接(69) kinetic design 动态设计(8) knot 节子(木节)(70) L laced of battened compression member 格构式钢柱(51) lacing and batten elements 缀材(缀件)(51) lacing bar 缀条(51) lamellar tearing 层状撕裂(62) lap connectlon 叠接(搭接)(59) lapped length of steel bar 钢筋搭接长度(36) large pannel concrete structure 混凝土大板结构(25) large-form cocrete structure 大模板结构(26) lateral bending 侧向弯曲(40) lateral displacement stiffness of storey 楼层侧移刚度(20) lateral displacement stiffness of structure· 结构侧移刚度(20) lateral force resistant wallstructure 抗侧力墙体结构(12) leg size of fillet weld 角焊缝焊脚尺寸(57) length of shear plane 剪面长度(67) lift—slab structure 升板结构(25) light weight aggregate concrete 轻骨料混凝土(28) limit of acceptance 验收界限(23) limitimg value for local dimension of masonry structure· 砌体结构局部尺寸限值(47) limiting value for sectional dimension 截面尺寸限值(47) limiting value for supporting length 支承长度限值(47) limiting value for total height of masonry structure· 砌体结构总高度限值(47) linear expansion coeffcient 线膨胀系数(18) lintel 过梁(7) load bearing wall 承重墙(7) load-carrying capacity per bolt 单个普通螺栓承载能力(56) load—carrying capacity per high—strength holt 单个高强螺桂承载能力(56) load—carrying capacity per rivet 单个铆钉承载能力(55) log 原木(65) log timberstructure 原木结构(64) long term rigidity of member 构件长期刚度(32) longitude horizontal bracing 纵向水平支撑(5) longitudinal steel bar 纵向钢筋(35) longitudinal stiffener 纵向加劲肋(53) longitudinal weld 纵向焊缝(60) losses of prestress ‘预应力损失(33) lump material 块体(42) M main axis 强轴(56) main beam· 主梁(6) major axis 强轴(56) manual welding 手工焊接(59) manufacture control 生产控制(22) map cracking 龟裂(39) masonry 砌体(17) masonry lintel 砖过梁(43) masonry member 无筋砌体构件(41) masonry units 块体(43) masonry—concrete structure 砖混结构(¨) masonry—timber structure 砖木结构(11) mechanical properties of materials· 材料力学性能(17) melt—thru 烧穿(62) method of sampling 抽样方法(23) minimum strength class of masonry 砌体材料最低强度等级(47) minor axls· 弱轴(56) mix ratio of mortar 砂浆配合比(48) mixing water 拌合水(27) modified coefficient for allowable ratio of height to sectionalthickness of masonry wall 砌体墙容许高厚比修正系数(47) modified coefficient of flexural strength for timber curved mem— 弧形木构件抗弯强度修正系数(68) modulus of elasticity of concrete 混凝土弹性模量(30) modulus of elasticity parellel to grain 顺纹弹性模量(66) moisture content 含水率(66) moment modified factor 弯矩调幅系数 monitor frame 天窗架 mortar 砂浆 multi—defence system of earthquake—resistant building· 多道设防抗震建筑 multi—tube supported suspended structure 多筒悬挂结构 N nailed joint 钉连接, net height 净高l net span 净跨度 net water/cementratio 净水灰比 non-destructive inspection of weld 焊缝无损检验 non-destructive test 非破损检验 non-load—bearingwall 非承重墙 non—uniform cross—section beam 变截面粱 non—uniformly distributed strain coefficient of longitudinal tensile reinforcement 纵向受拉钢筋应变不均匀系数 normal concrete 普通混凝土 normal section 正截面 notch and tooth joint 齿连接 number of sampling 抽样数量 O obligue section 斜截面 oblique—angle fillet weld 斜角角焊缝 one—way reinforced(or prestressed)concrete slab‘‘ 单向板 open web roof truss 空腹屋架, ordinary concrete 普通混凝土(28) ordinary steel bar 普通钢筋(29) orthogonal fillet weld 直角角焊缝(61) outstanding width of flange 翼缘板外伸宽度(57) outstanding width of stiffener 加劲肋外伸宽度(57) over-all stability reduction coefficient of steel beam· 钢梁整体稳定系数(58) overlap 焊瘤(62) overturning or slip resistance analysis 抗倾覆、滑移验算(10) P padding plate 垫板(52) partial penetrated butt weld 不焊透对接焊缝(61) partition 非承重墙(7) penetrated butt weld 透焊对接焊缝(60) percentage of reinforcement 配筋率(34) perforated brick 多孔砖(43) pilastered wall 带壁柱墙(42) pit· 凹坑(62) pith 髓心(?o) plain concrete structure 素混凝土结构(24) plane hypothesis 平截面假定(32) plane structure 平面结构(11) plane trussed lattice grids 平面桁架系网架(5) plank 板材(65) plastic adaption coefficient of cross—section 截面塑性发展系数(58) plastic design of steel structure 钢结构塑性设计(56) plastic hinge· 塑性铰(13) plastlcity coefficient of reinforced concrete member in tensile zone 受拉区混凝土塑性影响系数(34) plate—like space frame 干板型网架(5) plate—like space truss 平板型网架(5) plug weld 塞焊缝(60) plywood 胶合板(65) plywood structure 胶合板结构(64) pockmark 麻面(39) polygonal top-chord roof truss 多边形屋架(4) post—tensioned prestressed concrete structure 后张法预应力混凝土结构(24) precast reinforced concrete member 预制混凝土构件(26) prefabricated concrete structure 装配式混凝土结构(25) presetting time 初凝时间(38) prestressed concrete structure 预应力混凝土结构(24) prestressed steel structure 预应力钢结构(50) prestressed tendon 预应力筋<29) pre—tensioned prestressed concrete structure· 先张法预应力混凝土结构(24) primary control 初步控制(22) production control 生产控制(22) properties of fresh concrete 可塑混凝土性能(37) properties of hardened concrete 硬化混凝土性能(38) property of building structural materials 建筑结构材料性能(17) purlin“—””— 檩条(4) Q qlue timber structurer 胶合木结构(㈠) quality grade of structural timber 木材质量等级(?0) quality grade of weld 焊缝质量级别(61) quality inspection of bolted connection 螺栓连接质量检验(63) quality inspection of masonry 砌体质量检验(48) quality inspection of riveted connection 铆钉连接质量检验(63) quasi—permanent value of live load on floor or roof, 楼面、屋面活荷载准永久值(15) R radial check 辐裂(70) ratio of axial compressive force to axial compressive ultimate capacity of section 轴压比(35) ratio of height to sectional thickness of wall or column 砌体墙柱高、厚比(48) ratio of reinforcement 配筋率(34) ratio of shear span to effective depth of section 剪跨比(35) redistribution of internal force 内力重分布(13) reducing coefficient of compressive strength in sloping grain for bolted connection 螺栓连接斜纹承压强度降低系数(68) reducing coefficient of liveload 活荷载折减系数(14) reducing coefficient of shearing strength for notch and tooth connection 齿连接抗剪强度降低系数(68) regular earthquake—resistant building 规则抗震建筑(9) reinforced concrete deep beam 混凝土深梁(26) reinforced concrete slender beam 混凝土浅梁(26) reinforced concrete structure 钢筋混凝土结构(24) reinforced masonry structure 配筋砌体结构(41) reinforcement ratio 配筋率(34) reinforcement ratio per unit volume 体积配筋率(35) relaxation of prestressed tendon 预应筋松弛(31) representative value of gravity load 重力荷载代表值(17) resistance to abrasion 耐磨性(38) resistance to freezing and thawing 抗冻融性(39) resistance to water penetration· 抗渗性(38) reveal of reinforcement 露筋(39) right—angle filletweld 直角角焊缝(61) rigid analysis scheme 刚性方案(45) rigid connection 刚接(21) rigid transverse wall 刚性横墙(42) rigid zone 刚域(13) rigid-elastic analysis scheme 刚弹性方案(45) rigidity of section 截面刚度(19) rigidly supported continous girder 刚性支座连续梁(11) ring beam 圈梁(42) rivet 铆钉(55) riveted connecction 铆钉连接(60) riveted steel beam 铆接钢梁(52) riveted steel girder 铆接钢梁(52) riveted steel structure 铆接钢结构(50) rolle rsupport 滚轴支座(51) rolled steel beam 轧制型钢梁(51) roof board 屋面板(3) roof bracing system 屋架支撑系统(4) roof girder 屋面梁(4) roof plate 屋面板(3) roof slab 屋面板(3) roof system 屋盖(3) roof truss 屋架(4) rot 腐朽(71) round wire 光圆钢丝(29) S safety classes of building structures 建筑结构安全等级(9) safetybolt 保险螺栓(69) sapwood 边材(65) sawn lumber+A610 方木(65) sawn timber structure 方木结构(64) saw-tooth joint failure 齿缝破坏(45) scarf joint 斜搭接(70) seamless steel pipe 无缝钢管(54) seamless steel tube 无缝钢管(54) second moment of area of tranformed section 换算截面惯性矩(34) second order effect due to displacement 挠曲二阶效应(13) secondary axis 弱轴(56) secondary beam 次粱(6) section modulus of transformed section 换算截面模量(34) section steel 型钢(53) semi-automatic welding 半自动焊接(59) separated steel column 分离式钢柱(51) setting time 凝结时间(38) shake 环裂(70) shaped steel 型钢(53) shapefactorofwindload 风荷载体型系数(16) shear plane 剪面(67) shearing rigidity of section 截面剪变刚度(19) shearing stiffness of member 构件抗剪刚度(20) short stiffener 短加劲肋(53) short term rigidity of member 构件短期刚度(31) shrinkage 干缩(71) shrinkage of concrete 混凝干收缩(30) silos 贮仓(3) skylight truss 天窗架(4) slab 楼板(6) slab—column structure 板柱结构(2) slag inclusion 夹渣(61) sloping grain ‘斜纹(70) slump 坍落度(37) snow reference pressure 基本雪压(16) solid—web steel column 实腹式钢柱( space structure 空间结构(11) space suspended cable 悬索(5) spacing of bars 钢筋间距(33) spacing of rigid transverse wall 刚性横墙间距(46) spacing of stirrup legs 箍筋肢距(33) spacing of stirrups 箍筋间距(33) specified concrete 特种混凝上(28) spiral stirrup 螺旋箍筋(36) spiral weld 螺旋形焊缝(60) split ringjoint 裂环连接(69) square pyramid space grids 四角锥体网架(5) stability calculation 稳定计算(10) stability reduction coefficient of axially loaded compression 轴心受压构件稳定系数<13) stair 楼梯(8) static analysis scheme of building 房屋静力汁算方案(45) static design 房屋静力汁算方案(45) statically determinate structure 静定结构(11) statically indeterminate structure 超静定结构(11) sted 钢材(17) steel bar 钢筋(28) steel column component 钢柱分肢(51) steel columnbase 钢柱脚(51) steel fiber reinforced concrete structure· 钢纤维混凝土结构(26) steel hanger 吊筋(37) steel mesh reinforced brick masonry member 方格网配筋砖砌体构件(41) steel pipe 钢管(54) steel plate 钢板(53) steel plateelement 钢板件(52) steel strip 钢带(53) steel support 钢支座(51) steel tie 拉结钢筋(36) steel tie bar for masonry 砌体拉结钢筋(47) steel tube 钢管(54) steel tubular structure 钢管结构(50) steel wire 钢丝(28) stepped column 阶形柱(7) stiffener 加劲肋(52) stiffness of structural member 构件刚度(19) stiffness of transverse wall 横墙刚度(45) stirrup 箍筋(36) stone 石材(44) stone masonry 石砌体(44) stone masonry structure 石砌体结构(41) storev height 层高(21) straight—line joint failure 通缝破坏(45) straightness of structural member 构件乎直度(71) strand 钢绞线(2,) strength classes of masonry units 块体强度等级(44) strength classes of mortar 砂浆强度等级(44) ” strength classes of structural steel 钢材强度等级(55) strength classes of structural timber 木材强度等级(66) strength classes(grades) of concrete 混凝土强度等级(29) strength classes(grades) of prestressed tendon 预应力筋强度等级(30) strength classes(grades) of steel bar 普通钢筋强度等级(30) strength of structural timber parallel to grain 木材顺纹强度(66) strongaxis 强轴(56) structural system composed of bar ”杆系结构(11) structural system composed of plate 板系结构(12) structural wall 结构墙(7) superposed reinforced concrete flexural member 叠合式混凝土受弯构件(26) suspended crossed cable net 双向正交索网结构(6) suspended structure 悬挂结构(3) swirl grain 涡纹(?1) T tensile(compressive) rigidity of section 截面拉伸(压缩)刚度(19) tensile(compressive) stiffness of member 构件抗拉(抗压)刚度(20) tensile(ultimate) strength of steel 钢材(钢筋)抗拉(极限)强度(18) test for properties of concrete structural members 构件性能检验(40): thickness of concrete cover 混凝土保护层厚度(33) thickness of mortarat bed joint 水平灰缝厚度(49) thin shell 薄壳(6) three hinged arch 三铰拱(n) tie bar 拉结钢筋(36) tie beam, ‘ 系梁(22) tie tod 系杆(5) tied framework 绑扎骨架(35) timber 木材(17) , timber roof truss 木屋架(64) tor-shear type high-strength bolt 扭剪型高强度螺栓(54) torsional rigidity of section 截面扭转刚度(19) torsional stiffness of member 构件抗扭刚度(20) total breadth of structure 结构总宽度(21) total height of structure 结构总高度(21) total length of structure 结构总长度(21) transmission length of prestress 预应力传递长度(36) transverse horizontal bracing 横向水平支撑(4) transverse stiffener· 横向加劲肋(53) transverse weld 横向焊缝(60) transversely distributed steelbar 横向分布钢筋(36) trapezoid roof truss 梯形屋架(4) triangular pyramid space grids 三角锥体网架(5) triangular roof truss 三角形屋架(4) trussed arch 椽架(64) trussed rafter 桁架拱(5) tube in tube structure 筒中筒结构(3) tube structure 简体结构(2) twist 扭弯(71) two hinged arch 双铰拱(11) two sides(edges) supported plate 两边支承板(12) two—way reinforced (or prestressed) concrete slab 混凝土双向板(27) U ultimate compressive strain of concrete’” 混凝土极限压应变(31) unbonded prestressed concrete structure 无粘结预应力混凝土结构(25) undercut 咬边(62) uniform cross—section beam 等截面粱(6) unseasoned timber 湿材(65) upper flexible and lower rigid complex multistorey building· 上柔下刚多层房屋(45) upper rigid lower flexible complex multistorey building· 上刚下柔多层房屋(45) V value of decompression prestress 预应力筋消压预应力值(33) value of effective prestress 预应筋有效预应力值(33) verification of serviceability limit states· ” 正常使用极限状态验证(10) verification of ultimate limit states 承载能极限状态验证(10) vertical bracing 竖向支撑(5) vierendal roof truss 空腹屋架(4) visual examination of structural member 构件外观检查(39) visual examination of structural steel member 钢构件外观检查(63) visual examination of weld 焊缝外观检查(62) W wall beam 墙梁(42) wall frame 壁式框架(门) wall—slab structure 墙板结构(2) warping 翘曲(40),(71) warping rigidity of section 截面翘曲刚度(19) water retentivity of mortar 砂浆保水性(48) water tower 水塔(3) water/cement ratio· 水灰比(3g) weak axis· 弱轴(56) weak region of earthquake—resistant building 抗震建筑薄弱部位(9) web plate 腹板(52) weld 焊缝(6[)) weld crack 焊接裂纹(62) weld defects 焊接缺陷(61) weld roof 焊根(61) weld toe 焊趾(61) weldability of steel bar 钢筋可焊性(39) welded framework 焊接骨架() welded steel beam 焊接钢梁( welded 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